Josie is broadly interested in decision making for the assessment, protection and management of biodiversity and natural systems, and on how these decisions relate to human wellbeing. Her PhD focused on cost-effective systematic conservation planning, and was jointly supervised by Hugh Possingham and Kerrie Wilson at the University of Queensland, and Stefan Hajkowicz at CSIRO. Her research covered a range of case studies – a global study for terrestrial mammal priority areas, an Australia-wide assessment of priorities for protected areas and stewardship programs, and an analysis of the uncertainty in socio-economic data used in conservation planning.

Josie took up a postdoctoral research fellowship with CSIRO in late 2009 researching the implications of a Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme on biodiversity, livelihoods and production in Australia to identify how carbon mitigation strategies can provide maximum benefits and minimal perverse outcomes to these multiple objectives. Where possible Josie likes to carry out research in close collaboration with NGO’s and government agencies to enhance its applicability to the real world.

Affiliation: University of Queensland and CSIRO

Status: PhD student (January 2006-November 2009)




Carwardine, J, Klein, CJ, Possingham, HP, Pressey RL, and Wilson KA. Hitting the target and missing the point: conservation targets in context. Conservation Letters 2, 4 – 11

Carwardine, J, Wilson, KA Ceballos, G, Ehrlich, PR, Naidoo, R, Iwamura, T, Hajkowicz, S, and Possingham, HP. 2008. Cost-effective priorities for global mammal conservation. PNAS 105, 11446 – 11450

Carwardine, J, Wilson, KA, Watts, M, Etter, A, Klein, CJ, Possingham, HP. 2008. Avoiding costly conservation mistakes: the importance of defining actions and costs in spatial priority setting. PloS ONE 3(7) – e2586 doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0002586

Carwardine, J, Hajkowicz, S, Klein, CJ, Possingham, HP, Smith, RJ, Watts, M, and Wilson KA. Conservation planning when costs are uncertain: a reserve selection example in Queensland, Australia. Conservation Biology, In Press

Carwardine, J, Bode, M, Egoh, B, Possingham, HP. What do congruence metrics tell us about conservation planning? In Review

Other peer reviewed publications:

Rowan, JS, Carwardine, J, Duck, RW, Bragg, OM, Black, AR, Cutler, MEJ, Soutar, I, and Boon, PJ. 2006. Development of a technique for Lake Habitat Survey (LHS) with applications for the Water Framework Directive. Aquatic Conservation 16, 637 – 657

Carwardine, J, Rochester, WA, Richardson, KS, Williams, KA, Pressey, RL and Possingham HP. 2007. Conservation planning with irreplaceability: does the method matter? Biodiversity and Conservation 16, 245 – 258

Wilson, KA, Carwardine, J, and Possingham, HP. 2009. Setting Conservation Priorities. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. The Year in Ecology and Conservation Biology 1162, 237 – 264

Bottrill, M, Joseph, LN, Carwardine, J, Bode, M, Cook, C, Game, ET, Grantham, H, Kark, S, Linke, S, McDonald-Madden, E, Pressey, RL, Walker, S, Wilson, KA, and Possingham, HP. 2008. Is conservation triage just smart decision-making? Trends in Ecology & Evolution 23, 649-654

Bottrill, M, Joseph, LN, Carwardine, J, Bode, M, Cook, C, Game, ET, Grantham, HS, Kark, S, Linke, S, McDonald-Madden, E, Pressey, RL, Walker, S, Wilson, KA, and Possingham, HP. 2009. Finite funds means triage is unavoidable. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 24, 83-184

Klein, CJ, Wilson, KA, Watts, M, Stein, J, Berry S, Carwardine, J, Stafford Smith, M, Mackey, B, Possingham, HP. 2009. Incorporating ecological and evolutionary processes into continental scale conservation planning. Ecological Applications 19, 206-217

Klein, CJ, Wilson, KA, Watts, M, Stein, J, Carwardine, J, Mackey, B, Possingham, HP. 2009. Spatial conservation prioritization inclusive of wilderness quality: a case study of Australia’s biodiversity. Biological Conservation 412, 1282-1290.

Watson, JEM, Fuller, RA, Watson, AWT, Mackey, BG, Wilson, KA, Grantham, HS, Turner, M, Klein, CJ, Carwardine, J, Joseph, LN, Possingham, HP. 2009. Wilderness and future conservation priorities in Australia. Diversity and Distributions, In Press

Egoh, BN, Reyers, B, Carwardine, J, Bode, M, O’Farrell, PJ, Wilson, KA, Possingham, HP, Rouget, M, De Lange, W, Cowling, RM. Safeguarding biodiversity and ecosystem services: trade-offs and synergies in the Little Karoo, South Africa. Conservation Biology, In Press.

Segan, D, Carwardine, J, Grantham, H, Klein, CJ, Pressey, BP. Can we determine conservation priorities without clear objectives? Biological Conservation, In Press.