Rachel’s research interests broadly centre on the connections between biodiversity, ecosystem services, and human well-being within production (agricultural and forestry) landscapes, and the process and outcomes of land management decisions. Cultural, socio-economic, and political factors (and not solely ecological and physical conditions) are critical drivers of land use, but often only a subset are considered in developing policies or management strategies. Ultimately, for any of the gains in terms of conservation there are also losers, often among those who have little say in the process or are on the margins of society.
Trying to address some of these shortcomings with our current models of conservation, Rachel explored issues of social equity and participation in conservation and natural resources management. Her research developed within a case study of community forest management in Indonesian Borneo, and looked at different levels of stakeholders involved in decision-making processes around forest management. Through all the doom and gloom emanating from global environmental change science, Rachel still thinks we can use our growing knowledge of ‘socio-ecological systems’ to find ways for ecological services and human livelihoods to complement one another, for more just, effective, and resilient solutions over time.
The PhD was supported through the University of Queensland International Scholarship, an ARC Discovery award, and CEED top up scholarship, and was undertaken in collaboration with the Borneo futures initiative and a Darwin Initiative project on community land rights in Indonesia. Rachel was supervised by Professor Kerrie Wilson, Associate Professor Jonathan Rhodes, and Dr. Elizabeth Law.
PhD Candidate, University of Queensland, April 2016 – 2020
Master of Philosophy (Geography and the Environment), University of Oxford, September 2015
Gallo‐Cajiao, E., Archibald, C., Friedman, R., Steven, R., Fuller, R.A., Game, E.T., Morrison, T.H., & Ritchie, E.G. (2018). Crowdfunding biodiversity conservation. Conservation Biology. doi: 10.1111/cobi.13144
Friedman, R.S., Law, E.A., Bennett, N.J., Ives, C.D., Thorn, J.P.R., & Wilson, K.A. (2018). How just and just how? A systematic review of social equity in conservation research. Environmental Research Letters. doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/aabcde
Friedman, R., Hirons, M., & Boyd, E. (2018). Vulnerability of Ghanaian women cocoa farmers to climate change: A typology. Climate and Development. doi: 10.1080/17565529.2018.1442806
Law, E.A., Bennett, N.J., Ives, C.D., Friedman, R., Davis, K.J., Archibald, C., & Wilson, K.A. (2017) Equity trade-offs in conservation decision making. Conservation Biology. doi: 10.1111/cobi.13008
Thorn, J.P.R., Friedman, R., Benz, D., Willis, K.J., & Petrofsky, G. 2016. What evidence exists for the effectiveness of on-farm conservation land management strategies for preserving ecosystem services in developing countries? A systematic map. Environmental Evidence, 5:13. DOI: 10.1186/s13750-016-0064-9
Morel, A., Friedman, R., Tulloch, D., & Caldecott, B. 2016. Stranded Assets in Palm Oil Production: A case study of Indonesia. Sustainable Finance Programme, SSEE, University of Oxford, Working Paper, July 2016. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2809562
Scherr, S.J., Shames, S., and Friedman, R. 2012. From climate-smart agriculture to climate-smart landscapes. Agriculture and Food Security, 1:12. DOI: 10.1186/2048-7010-1-12